Dunia arsitektur, Ekonomi, Infrastruktur, Referensi

Kota-kota Dengan Harga Lahan Termahal di Indonesia

Tanah atau lahan semakin hari semakin naik harganya, salah satu penyebabnya adalah semakin sedikit lahan ditambah pertambahan penduduk. Tidak heran jika lahan strategis disuatu kota pasti sudah ada pemiliknya. Semakin mahal suatu lahan, tentu menjadikan investasi yang profit-able.

Berikut Dejash beberkan Kota-kota Dengan Harga Lahan Termahal Di Indonesia :

Kota ke 12

Medan

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Medan sebagai salah satu kota dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi pesat.Dengan harga tanah per meter perseginya mencapai Rp7.9 dengan fluktuasi mencapai 9 %.

Kota ke11

Kendari

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Kota kendari menjadi kota yang selanjutnya dengan harga tanah mencapai Rp9,3 juta per meter perseginya dengan fluktuasi mencapai 4 %.

Kota ke 10

Samarinda

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Samarinda memiliki harga tanah per meter perseginya sebesar Rp 10,3 juta dengan tingkat fluktuasi mencapai 7 %.

Kota ke 9

Bogor

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Bogor memiliki harga tanah yang kurang lebih sama dengan balikpapan dengan harga Rp 11 juta dengan fluktuasi 19 %.

Kota ke 8

Balikpapan

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Kali ini bergeser ke Borneo atau Kalimantan dimana pada posisi ke delapan diduduki oleh kota Balikpapan dengan harga tanah mencapai
Rp 11 juta dengan fluktuasi 18 %.

Kota ke 7

Bekasi

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Kembali lagi ke daerah Jabodetabek, di posisi ke tujuh ada kota Bekasi dengan harga tanah per meter perseginya mencapai Rp 14,2 juta dengan fluktuasi 8 %.

Kota ke 6

Semarang

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Posisi ke enam bergeser ke Provinsi Jawa Tengah yaitu Semarang. Harga tanah di kota Semarang ini sudah mencapai harga Rp14,8 juga per meter persegi dengan fluktuasi sebesar
15 %.

Kota ke 5

Depok

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Masih di daerah seputaran Jabodetabek, pada posisi ke lima di duduki oleh kota depok dengan
harga tanah per meter perseginya mencapai Rp15,2 juta yang tidak beda jauh dengan kota Tangerang dengan fluktuasi sebesar 8 %.

Kota ke 4

Tangerang

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Kota Tangerang menduduki posisi ke empat dengan harga tanah per meter perseginya mencapai Rp 15,9 juta dengan fluktuasi mencapai 10 %.

Kota ke 3

Manado

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Ternyata di posisi ke tiga diduduki oleh kota Manado dengan harga Rp16 juta per meter persegi.

Kota ke 2

Surabaya

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Kota yang kedua adalah kota Surabaya. Harga tanah di kota Surabaya tidak jauh beda dengan
di Jakarta dimana harga tanah per meter persegi di Surabaya berkisar Rp21 juta dengan fluktuasi 8 %.

Kota ke 1

Jakarta

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Jakarta menduduki peringkat pertama kota dengan harga tanah termahal dimana harga tanah di Ibu kota tersebut sudah menembus angka Rp24,6 juta per meter persegi dengan
fluktuasi 13 %.

Itu tadi adalah daftar Kota-kota Dengan Harga Lahan Termahal Di Indonesia berdasarkan survey Lamudi.

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Dunia arsitektur, Pemerintah, Referensi

Ini 10 Pemenang Lomba Desain Arsitektur Nusantara

Penyerahan hadiah lomba desain homestay.
Penyerahan hadiah lomba desain homestay

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA – Menpar Arief Yahya dan Kepala Badan Ekonomi Kreatif Triawan Munaf menyerahkan hadiah total Rp 1 miliar, kepada 10 pemenang Sayembara Arsitektur Nusantara untuk homestay. Di panggung, mereka didampingi oleh putri pariwisata Indonesia yang mewakili 10 destinasi prioritas di Balairung, Gedung Sapta Pesona, Selasa (25/10).

Nama-nama Pemenang utama Sayembara itu antara lain: Tim PT Realline Studio, Ketua Tim Deni Wahyu Setiawan dengan judul karya Jabu Na Ture (Danau Toba). Tim Alvasara Ketua Tim Gigih Nalendra dengan judul karya Thin House (Tanjung Kelayang). Tim Arsitek Ketua Tim Edwin Adinata dengan judul karya New Gateway to Adventure In The West Eage Of Java (Tanjung Lesung). Tim PT Urbane Indonesia Ketua Tim Aditya Wiratama dengan judul karya Titik Temu (Kepulauan Seribu), PT Urbane Indonesia Ketua Aditya Wiratama dengan judul karya Gnomon Urip (Borobudur). Tim PT Grahaciota Ketua Tim Verena Rafaela dengan judul karya Dusun Guyub Bromo (Bromo Tengger).

Universitas Mercu Buana Ketua Tim Wendi Isnandar dengan judul karya Rumah Separo Mandalika (Mandalika). Tim Blur Architec and Design Studio Ketua Tim Rizki Bhaskara dengn judul karya Naung Kampung Papagaran (Labuan Bajo). Tim PT Airmas Asri Ketua Tim Kalvin Widjaja dengan judul karya Roma Boe (Wakatobi), dan yang terakhir PT Studio Tanpa Batas Ketua Tim Wijaya Suryanegara Yapeter dengan judul karya Rumahku a Home to Stay (Morotai).

Kepala Badan Ekonomi Kreatif Triawan Munaf mengatakan bagi wisatawan itu yang paling penting adalah experience. Pengalaman mereka sejak turun di airport, sampai ke tempat tinggal mereka di penginapan. “Saya punya pengalaman yang tidak terlupakan sampai saat ini, saat tinggal Bed and Breakfast di Inggris. Yang menyiapkan makanan ya bapak ibu pemilik rumah yang sudah tua tua itu. Sangat mengesankan, sampai sekarang,” kata Triawan Munaf.

Tentu, desain homestay ini nanti tidak akan menjadi real estate. Karena kearifan lokal justru menjadi atraksi dan daya tarik bagi wisatawan. “Saya ingat saat ke Banyuwangi, arsitektur airport Blimbingsari sangat unik, sejuk meskipun tidak ber AC. Bahan bakunya juga berasal dari kayu-kayu yang tidak banyak dipoles. Bagus sekali,” lanjut Triawan.

Triawan Munaf akan mendukung pariwisata dalam memajukan pariwisata indonesia. Ada 16 sub sektor ekonomi kreatif yang harus dimajukan, untuk mensupport Kemenpar. “Kami ini anak angkat Kemenpar, karena itu percayalah kami berkewajiban untuk terus membantu Kemenpar, sebagaimana amanat Presiden Jokowi, bahwa ke depan hanya pariwisata yang menjadi andalan perekonomian nasional. Kami bersama Kemenpar juga akan buatkan sayembara lagu 10 destinasi prioritas,” kata Triawan.

Dunia arsitektur, Karya, Motivasi, Referensi

KEREN, FASAD KAFE DI MUMBAI INI “DITUSUKI” TABUNG PLASTIK

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Foto:Cafe milik Amit.Mumbai,India(LBR)

 

Ada-ada saja ide para arsitek dalam merancang bangunan. Sama halnya dengan kafe di Mumbai ini. Bad Café milik Amit dan Bhavna Dhanani dirancang unik dengan “ditusuki” tabung plastik pada bagian fasadnya.

LimbarUPm.com– Fasad atau muka bangunan merupakan bagian penting dari sebuah arsitektur. Pasalnya, di sinilah titik seseorang pertama kali akan menilai tampilan visual sebuah bangunan – tertarik atau tidak. Arsitek harus berhasil membuat seseorang jatuh cinta pada pandangan pertama dengan bangunan yang dirancangnya.

Inilah yang dilakukan NUDES design studio. Nuru Karim, pendiri dari NUDES berkerjasama dengan pemilik Bad Café merancang bangunan khususnya pada fasadnya dengan menggunakan 25.992 Polivinil Klorida atau biasa disingkat PVS – bahan konstruksi bangunan yang umumnya digunakan untuk perpipaan, atap dan insulasi kabel listrik.

Penambahan PVS pada fasad dirasa cukup cerdik. Selain PVS terkenal murah, tahan lama, dan mudah dirangkai, secara visual tampilan fasad kafe yang bergelombang pun menjadi tampak keren dan modern. Nuru Karim mengatakan bahwa permukaan fasad bangunan dibuat seperti itu karena terinspirasi oleh susunan anatomi dari kulit manusia.

Dengan desain fasad seperti itu pun membuat cahaya dari luar mudah untuk bergerak turun ke masing-masing tabung. Dan secara mengejutkan, hal tersebut menciptakan cahaya terang sekaligus menenangkan ke ruang interior.

Warna hitam dan putih dari eksterior di lanjutkan ke bagian dalam ruangan, dimana NUDE tetap berfokus kepada desain kasar, tema unfinished , tekstur dengan material asli, dan tentunya desain yang sederhana.

The Bad Café ini berdiri dengan tiga lantai dan tak hanya difungsikan untuk kafe, tetapi juga ada studio yoga, toko, ruang  dan teras terbuka. Lantai pertama yang digunakan sebagai kafe akan berubah menjadi ruang yoga saat pukul 19.00. Untuk itu, di dinding-dinding disertakan ambalan sebagai tempat menaruh alas yoga. Di sini juga difasilitasi ruang untuk acara budaya seperti musik, seni, dan pertunjukan lainnya.

Mau seperti apa tampilan visual lebih jelasnya? Yuk, klikgambarnya.

Sumber: http://www.designboom.com

Dunia arsitektur, Referensi, Umum

30 Foto harapan dan realitas ini buktikan jadi arsitek itu nggak mudah

Ilustrasi mhhsiwa arsitek(foto:search geogle)

LimbarUPm.com – Sederhananya sih, arsitektur itu adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang merancang sebuah bangunan. Kebayang dong, gimana kerennya kamu kalau sukses merancang dari skala bangunan terbesar sampai terkecil? Tak heran kalau jurusan arsitektur ini jadi incaran para calon mahasiswa.

Namun bagi mahasiswa arsitektur sendiri yang telah menjalani perkuliahan, pasti akan merasakan momen dimana menjadi seorang arsitek itu nggak mudah. Pasalnya bukan hanya ngegambar aja tugasnya, tapi juga dibutuhkan ide dan kreativitas supaya bangunan yang dirancang nantinya beneran kuat, indah, dan berfungsi. Belum lagi harus siap begadang demi merampungkan tugas.

Selain itu ada realitas lainnya yang harus siap dihadapi oleh para mahasiswa yang mungkin tak pernah diharapkan oleh orang lain. Seperti 30 foto harapan dan realitas jadi arsitek berikut ini misalnya, yang dikutipbrilio.net dari Facebook, Senin (3/10):

1. Harapannya sih, mahasiswa arsitektur pasti cantik-cantik dan modis. Tapi kalau kurang tidur ya mukanya beler gini.

2. Kertas gambar pun jadi selimut.

3. Saking ngantuknya, nggak sempet beresin kertas gambar yang berantakan.

4. Posisi menentukan garis yang dibuat akurat atau tidak.

5. Lembur ngerjain tugas jadi momen yang menyenangkan, kalau bareng-bareng temen kan jadi semangat.

6. Realita ruang kerja yang berharap bakalan selalu bersih dan tertata rapi.

7.  Sebelum dan sesudah adanya aplikasi teknologi komputer untuk merancang objek virtual, tetep aja gini posisi enaknya ya?

8. Biar nggak lupa salat lima waktu, ngerjain tugas tetap pakai sarung dan peci nih.

9. Harus bisa multitasking.

10. Kalau capek ya tidur dulu, nanti dilanjutin lagi nugasnya.

11. Jadi arsitektur gandengannya penggaris dan pensil.

12. Tidur di meja gambar juga bisa.

13. Suasana meja belajar sebelum dan sesudah jadi mahasiswa aristektur, kamu iya nggak?

14. Harus bisa tidur dengan posisi tak wajar.

15. Bangun-bangun badan sakit semua kalau posisi tidurnya gini.

16. Ruang kerja sama dengan kamar tidur.

17. Memanfaatkan apa yang ada.

18. Pakai kertas gambar sekali pun.

19. Jam kuliah ngantuk udah biasa.

20. Tidur beralaskan kertas gambar apalagi.

21. Ruang kerja mahasiswa arsitektur ya gini.

22. Awalnya sih, ngerjain tugas semangat 45.. Tapi kalau udah ngantuk apa boleh buat.

23. Tidur adalah kebutuhan, setuju?

24. Nggak papa kamar tidurnya berantakan, yang penting kuliahnya nggak keteteran.

25. Nggak papa penampilannya jauh dari kesan modis, yang penting semua tugas dibabat abis.

26. Mahasiswa arsitektur pasti pernah tidur dengan suasana kamar seperti ini?

27. Saking ngantuknya.

28. Kerennya suatu bangunan hasil rancangan seorang arsitek.

29. Tidur di kasur empuk berselimut tebal adalah harapan.

30. Kalau ini 11-12 sama sniper deh.

Dunia arsitektur, Referensi

Begini Tampilan 6 Hotel Terbesar Didunia

​LimbarUPm.com – Masih berada dalam tahap konstruksi, Abraj Kudai di Mekkah, Arab Saudi akan segera menjadi hotel terbesar di dunia.

Setelah selesai dibangun tahun depan, kompleks perhotelan ini bakal berisi 12 menara mencakup 10.000 kamar berklasifikasi bintang empat dan bintang lima serta 70 restoran.

Namun, sebelum Abraj Kudai selesai dibangun, ada enam hotel dengan status terbesar di dunia yang bisa dikunjungi saat ini.

1. First World Hotel

Hotel dengan warna permen ini berada di Dataran Tinggi Genting, Malaysia dan saat ini memegang gelar sebagai hotel terbesar di dunia.

Pasalnya, hotel ini memiliki kapasitas 7.351 kamar dan berdekatan dengan area rekreasi First World Plaza seluas 4,64 hektar yang terdiri dari taman bermainindoor dan pusat perbelanjaan.

2. The Venetian and the Palazzo

Bukan sebuah hal mengejutkan jika Las Vegas merupakan rumah dari hotel-hotel besar di dunia, termasuk The Venetian dan saudara perempuannya, The Palazzo.

Jika digabungkan, kapasitas kamar kedua hotel ini mencapai 7.000 unit lebih. Properti bergaya Italia ini dilengkapi dengan penciptaan kembali ikon Venetian klasik seperti Palazzo Ducale dan Piazza San Marco serta fasilitas lainnya yang biasa ada di hotel kasino Las Vegas.

3. MGM Grand & the Signature

Hotel terbesar lainnya masih ada di Las Vegas. Kali ini ada MGM Grand dan saudaranya yakni properti bintang lima bernama the Signature.

Hotel ini meliputi 6.852 kamar tamu, sebuah komplek kolam seluas 26 hektar, lebih dari 20 restoran, dan arena hiburan berkapasitas 16.800 kursi.

4. CityCenter

Daftar hotel terbesar yang keempat masih dari Las Vegas, yakni CityCenter. Saking besarnya, sebuah kompleks perhotelan dengan kapasitas kamar sebanyak 6.790 unit ini bahkan disebut-sebut kota di dalam kota.

Properti ini merupakan rumah dari lima struktur skala besar yang terpisah dengan Aria Resort. Namun, yang unil dari semua itu adalah Casino menjadi titik fokus.

CityCenter merupakan salah satu proyek konstruksi terbesar dalam sejarah Amerika Serikat yang didanai oleh pihak swasta.

5. Sands Cotai Central

Kompleks hotel kasino besar di Cotai Strip, Makau, China ini terdiri dari empat hotel termasuk Holiday Inn terbesar di dunia.

Secara total, Sands Cotai Central memiliki 6.000 kamar hotel, fasilitas-fasilitas spa, kolam, restoran, dan 11.000 meter persegi taman indoor.

6. Izmailovo Hotel

Hotel Izmailovo yang mencakup 5.000 kamar tamu pernah menyandang status sebagai hotel terbesar di dunia ketika pertama kali dibuka pada 1980 silam.

Berlokasi di Moskow, Rusia, kompleks Izmailovo terdiri dari empat hotel dan memiliki fasilitas seperti kamar mandi ala Rusia, arena bowling, ruang bermain bola sodok, lebih dari 12 restoran serta kafe.

Penulis: Ridwan Aji Pitoko
Editor: Melqy s walela jr
Sumber: architecturaldigest.com,
Dunia arsitektur, Referensi, Umum

FASAD RUMAH KOKOH BERGAYA PABRIKl


Rumah terlihat kokoh dengan pengaplikasian material baja. Hunian  yang kokoh bergaya pabrik.

LimbarUPm.com-Tampilan fasad rumah bermaterial baja mengesankan kekokohan. Bentuk kotak-kotak terlihat mendominasi rumah milik Jimmy Rusma di Jatibening, Bekasi. Desain kotak-kotak dengan aplikasi material baja membuat rumah ini terlihat modern bergaya pabrik.
Konstruksi dinding baja pada bagian atas rumah dibuat menjorok ke luar bidang bangunan. Motif garis-garis horizontal tegas pada dinding tersebut menambah kesan kokoh pada hunian.

Walaupun salah satu dinding terbuat dari bahan baja, ruangan yang berada di dalamnya dibuat tetap sejuk. Lapisan peredam panas alumunium  foil  dan rongga selebar 10cm-20cm diletakkan di antara dinding gipsum dan baja. Sehingga ruangan tetap terasa sejuk.

Lokasi: Jimmy Rusma di Jatibening, Bekasi

Sumber: IDEA doc

Dunia arsitektur, Referensi

10 GEDUNG OPERA PALING MENAKJUBKAN DI DUNIA

valencia_opera_house_01

Siapapun manusia di muka bumi ini pasti menyukai musik. Oleh sebab itu, konser pertunjukan musik selalu saja menjadi incaran, apalagi jika artisnya berkelas *nggak kayak Dahsyat dong*. Tak hanya itu, tempat konsernya pun harus mumpuni. Sayang sekali Indonesia belum memiliki gedung opera atau concert hall seperti di bawah ini *masa konser musik malah di lapangan tenis indoor sih?* Malu2in emang Indonesia ini. Nah, berikut ini silakan disimak 10 gedung opera paling menakjubkan di muka bumi.

1. Sydney Opera House (Sydney, Australia)

SOH_MLS_sunset

Inilah gedung opera paling terkenal di dunia sekaligus landmark Australia, yakni gedung opera Sydney. Alkisah, pemerintah Australia pada 1956 mengadakan sayembara untuk menrancang gedung opera nasional mereka. Pemenangnya adalah arsitek Swedia bernama Jorn Utzon, mengalahkan 300 pesaingnya. Akhirnya gedung ini diselesaikan pada 1973 dengan menghabiskan dana 100 juta dolar. But it’s worth, right?

2. Esplanade (Singapura)

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Singapura memang tak menyia-nyiakan kekayaannya dengan membangun berbagai landamark baru untuk makin mengukuhkan keberadaannya pada dunia. Setelah membangun Marina Bay Sands yang ikonik, Singapura kembali membangun Esplanade” Theatre by the Bay yang bentuk bangunannya terinspirasi dengan buah durian.

3. National Centre for the Performing Arts (Beijing, Cina)

National_Grand_Theatre

Bangunan yang lebih dikenal dengan nickname-nya “Bird’s Egg” ini didesain oleh arsitek Prancis, Paul Andreu. Bangunan dengan kubah titanium ini dikelilingi oleh danau buatan dan bagian dalamnya mampu menampung 1.000 penonton. Apakah gedung ini mampu menjadi ikon Cina seperti gedung opera Sydney menjadi ikon Australia?

4. National Theatre and Concert Hall (Taipei, Taiwan)

taiwan_2009_taipei_national_concert_hall_at_chian_kai_shek_cultural_center_frd_7364_pano_extracted

Dilihat dari luar, mungkin tak ada yang menyangka bangunan mirip Istana Terlarang ini adalah gedung konser. Diselesaikan pada 1987, bangunan ini menjadi lambang kemerdekaan Taiwan atas Cina dan didirikan tepat di depan Chiang Kai Sek Memorial Hall.

5. Walt Disney Concert Hall (Los Angeles, Amerika Serikat)

Walt Disney Concert Hall - Los Angeles, CA, USA

Sulit dipercaya mungkin kalau gedung modern eksentrik ini adalah rumah konser Walt Disney. Gedung ini selain arsitekturnya yang sangat unik, juga dikenal sebagai gedung opera dengan akustik terbaik di dunia. Pembangunannya dimulai 1987 dan membutuhkan waktu 16 tahun untuk selesai!

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6. La Luciole Hall (Lower Normandy, Prancis)

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Bangunan rancangan Jacques Moussafir ini memang sangat unik dan eye-catching. Berbentuk silinder, biru, dan miring, semuanya memang tak umum untuk sebuah gedung konser musik. Uniknya lagi, bangunan ini adalah contoh “sustainable architecture” yang ramah lingkungan.

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7. Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia (Valencia, Spanyol)

Valencia-Ciencias

Bangunan yang lebih dikenal sebagai Valencia Opera House ini dibangun oleh arsitek kenamaan Spanyol, Santiago Calatrava. Bangunan yang berada di kompleks “Ciy of Arts and Science” memang lebih mirip kapal alien dari planet lain ketimbang sebuah gedung opera.

8. Guangzhou Opera House (Guangzhou, Cina)

ZH_Opera_House_001

Gedung opera terbaru Cina ini dirancang oleh arsitek wanita asal Irak, Zaha Hadid. Sesuai kegunaannya untuk menampilkan teater, bentuknya juga sangat teatrikal dan dramatis.

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9. Philaharmonie de Paris (Paris, Prancis)

Tak layak memang jika kota Paris tak memiliki gedung opera modern kelas dunia. Sebelumnya Paris memiliki gedung2 opera bergaya Baroque seperti Palais de Gardner yang indah seperti di bawah ini.

700-03018109

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It’s so last year!  Ini dia desain gedung opera baru untuk kota Paris.

HALL1

philharmonie-de-paris-1

Unfolding-Sound-02

Namun ambisi pemerintah Paris ini sangat kontroversial sebab dianggap memboroskan kas negara di tengah krisis yang tengah menimpa Eropa. Bangunan karya Jean Nouvel ini akan memakan biaya setidaknya 387 juta euro atau sekitar 4 triliun rupiah.

10. Seoul Opera House

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Haram rasanya kota setenar Seoul tidak memiliki opera house sendiri sebagai landmark kota tersebut. Diarsiteki Park Sung-Hoo, bangunan ini akan menjadi “Jewel of Han River” sebab akan dibangun di pulau buatan tepat di tengah Sungai Han yang berada di pusat kota Seoul. Bisa bayangkan jika para artis K-Pop mengadakan konsernya di tempat sekeren ini?

BONUS:

Dalian International Conference Centre

foto_referenzen_kuv_kongresszentren_w62838_001_637

Inilah bangunan mencengangkan dari Cina yang memang jor2an dengan proyek mercusuarnya. Kali ini Coop Himmemn(l)au, sebuah firma arsitek asal Jerman sengaja merancang bangunan bergaya modern ini untuk kota Dalian. Bangunan yang terinspirasi dari sisik ikan ini tak hanya akan digunakan untuk tempat konferensi kelas dunia, namun juga untuk pertunjukan teater dan musik.

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Dezeen_Dalian-International-Conference-Center-by-Coop-Himmelblau_16

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Destinasi Wisata, Dunia arsitektur, Karya, Referensi

Ubud Hanging Gardens in Bali by William Warren and John Pettigrew

Location: Desa Buahan, Payangan, Bali, Indonesia

Photo courtesy: Orient-Express
Description:

With 38 luxury villas designed by Anglo/French architect Gordon Shaw, each with a private infinity plunge pool overlooking the Ayung river, feel your stress ebb away as you relax into your private sanctuary and enjoy sensational views of the surrounding verdant gardens of this tropical resort.

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The resort is situated in the steep rice terraces of Ubud and offers with sweeping views across the Ayung River valley.  Each luxury Balinese style private villa provides the perfect location to escape, relax and unwind.  A private funicular provides easy access to the resorts facilities.

Ubud-Hanging-Gardens-00-2

Our large infinity pool emphasizes the natural curves of the hillside. Created on two levels it is surrounded by stylish and comfortable sunbeds for ultimate relaxation. In addition to the main pool each room and suite has its own individual infinity pool, which can be access from the terrace for extra exclusivity and seclusion.

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The grand gardens surrounding the resort were conceived by the landscape architect William Warren together with John Pettigrew.  Nature is a spectacle here with exotic trees and essences of the tropics including cocoa, coffee, durian and a variety of bamboos, flame trees and orchids creating a symbiosis of tropical life.

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The resort’s Bukit Becik bar near the main pool down by the river offers an excellent setting for a relaxing long drink at sunset and our beautiful Balinese boutique sells local crafts and clothing from all over the Indonesian archipelago.

Ubud-Hanging-Gardens-01

At the geographical epicenter and emotional heart of the property is Hanging Gardens’ world-famous swimming pool. It is without a doubt one of the most photogenic and photographed pools around the globe, and has the unique distinction of coming top of both travel bible Condé Nast Traveller’s list of ‘the best swimming pools in the world’ and number one on Trip Advisor’s list of ’10 jaw-dropping hotel pools’.

Ubud-Hanging-Gardens-02

This stunning split-level infinity pool, lined with Batu Chandi stone and featuring a vast geometric wall of solidified volcanic ash, suspended high over the surrounding jungle, appears to float in its setting, giving swimmers the unique, immersive feeling of literally swimming above the treetops and the valley.

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The organic, free form design, with its undulating curves, was designed to echo the lines of the steep, terraced rice paddies that are such an iconic feature of the Ubud landscape. This is very much in keeping with the vision of the owners, who designed the entire hotel to follow the contours of the land and work with the existing natural habitat as much as possible.

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The upper level has an expansive deck, which flows out from the hotel’s bar, while the lower level’s decking is almost hidden from sight for ultimate privacy, with only the sounds of nature as a backdrop. Both levels have steps down into the water for graceful access, with the bottom pool additionally featuring a stone bench for swimmers to bask in the exhilarating spray of the waterfall from the level above.

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Our staff are always happy to serve both food and drinks beside the pool during the day, and most of the treatments from the hotel’s spa can be taken poolside, for the ultimate immersive sensory experience. Honeymooners and the romantically-inclined can book Hanging Gardens’ signature Romance Under the Stars gourmet dining experience, where we float an antique wooden deck on the lower pool, decorated with beautiful, colorful drapes for a mesmerizing and delicious evening, surrounded by suspended frangipani candles with inspiring views of the ancient holy temple and the smooth, rhythmic jungle sounds at dusk.

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This same floating deck may also be used as the ultimate, breathtaking wedding ceremony location, with a small number of guests able to be seated on the deck, although many couples opt to enjoy this uniquely romantic moment with just each other, before journeying through the jungle for a blessing at our temple. For those wishing to stay dry but still absorb the beauty of this special pool, the hotel’s restaurant has expansive views over the upper pool level to the jungle, temple and valley beyond.

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Dunia arsitektur, Referensi

Kitchen design with traditional style.

Kitchen is an important part in the layout of an apartments, townhouse or a villa. Kitchen design can not separate from interior design of a house or an apartment. So if we decide a style for general space, then all functional areas will follow and develop base on that style. Some people would like to see and living under modern space, but others might like traditional or classical one.
At this post , I would like to introduce to you about a kitchen design in a high rise apartment with traditional style.

Characteristics of a classic style kitchen is easy to see that cabinets are made of natural wood or artificial wood. Kitchen cabinets and hanging cabinets are divided into regular rhythm and harmony. We also see some decorative details as wooden cornice with crown molding, trim molding panel for cabinets …

 

Apartment plan layout and kitchen location is highlighted with red transparent color.
Initial sketch idea for the kitchen. You may recognize classic style  through the details and shape of cabinets or even the  island counter.
Main elevation showing dimessions, shape of cabinetry and some material codes

 

Side elevation of kitchen. You could see a small_size refrigerator, cook hook, which were chosen carefully from supliers, so that they can blend well with other things in general space.

 

A testing render showing clearly the design idea.
The final perspective has been done with showing some materials such as: black mable on counter top, mosaic pattern for back_splash, wooden for cabinetry. The cook_hook, sink,small refregerator have also chosen in particular product from real supliers, that they could stand together in a harmony space.

Now, I have almost completed this post. I hope you enjoy and interesting in my idea, as well as finding useful informations for yourselves. Thanks for having read and support me.
Lastly, we might also consider some accessoties such as cabinetry door hardware, stainless steel handle,…, that those can make the kitchen more useful and more valuable. As i have known from my practical work, it is not a cheap things to add into kitchen and we can check more in accessoriesmanufacturer for updated infomation.

Dunia arsitektur, Referensi

High-rise ofice building – Some design considerations.

Office facade in design process

High-rise office buildings, which are developed as a response to population growth, rapid urbanization and economic cycles, are indispensable for a metropolitan city development.
A study in the economic height of modern office buildings: “Given the high land values in central business sections of our leading cities, the skyscraper is not only the most efficient, but the only economic utilization of certain strategic plots. An exhaustive investigation… has conclusively demonstrated that the factors making for diminishing returns
in the intensive development of such plots are more than offset by the
factors making for increasing returns…” (Klaber, 1930).

  This statement holds true for today; however, the relationship between cost and benefit is more complex in today’s global marketplace. The current trend for constructing office buildings is to build higher and higher, and developers tend to compete with one another on heights. Tenants also appreciate a landmark address and politicians are conscious of the symbolic role of high-rise buildings.
Nonetheless high-rise office buildings are more expensive to construct per square meter, they produce less usable space and their operation costs are more expensive than conventional office buildings. The space efficiency, as well as the shape and geometry of the high-rise building need to satisfy the value and cost of the development equation. Space efficiency, which is determined by the size of the floor slab, dimension of the structural elements and rationalized core, goes along with the financial benefit.
By the end of 1990s, at more than 30 stories, net to gross floor area ratios
of 70-75% were common in office buildings. However, Yeang (1995) stated in his book “The Skyscraper: Bioclimatically Considered” that net-to-gross floor area should not be less than 75%, while 80% to 85% is considered appropriate. Wherever the tall building is being constructed, achieving suitable space efficiency is not easy, since it is adversely affected by height as core and structural elements expand to satisfy the requirements of vertical circulation and resistance to lateral loads. Space efficiency can be increased by the lease span, which is
defined as the distance between the core and exterior wall.
Factors affecting the design of high-rise buildings vary from country to country, such as local climate, zoning regulations, cultural conditions, technological opportunities, and etc. For instance, in Germany, where building codes dictate shallow floor slabs of 8.0 m, efficiencies of 60-70% are common, whereas London’s Canary Wharf Tower, can achieve a netto- gross ratio in excess of 80% with floor slabs of 2500 m2, and 11.0 m lease span.

    DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR HIGH-RISE OFFICE BUILDINGS

All of the sample buildings are landmarks of their cities, and also are designed by internationally expertise design consultants, reflecting highquality practices in respect of efficient planning. The relevant building data are provided from the clients, architects, engineers, quantity surveyors, as well as journals, books, magazines and Internet sources. The research is based on the architectural and structural design criteria affecting the space efficiency, such as floor slab size and layout, core integrity, gross and net floor areas, leasing depth, floor-to-floor and floor-to-ceiling height, and structural system.
The sample buildings from the world are located in seven major cities, which are Taipei, Kuala Lumpur, Shanghai, Chicago, Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. The height ranges of these buildings are between 367 m and 509 m, and the numbers of stories change from 69
to 114. The Empire State Building in New York, which is currently the ninth tallest office building of the world, is omitted, since it is constructed 78 years ago. The paper tends to take contemporary examples into consideration due to the rapid changes in tall building design and
construction technologies.
Architectural and structural requirements are the basic decision making
parameters in the design of high-rise office buildings, and dictate the floor
slab size and shape, leasing depth, structural frame, floor-to-floor height,
vertical transportation and core layout. The related findings of the selected
buildings from the world and Turkey are presented and discussed below.
 
   Floor Slab Size and Shape
 
An office building’s floor slab size and shape, on which decisions are made according to the functional requirements, client’s specific needs and various constraints, have great impact on the space efficiency and the building’s external character. Although there are no universal formulas for responding to the client’s needs or to local influences and constraints such as climate, codes or constructional conditions, the fundamental design considerations are identical almost in office buildings. The first aim is to achieve the maximum space efficiency and in order to accomplish this task, initially the floor slab shape and total floor area of the building need to be designed.
The space efficiency of a high-rise office building can be achieved by maximizing the Gross Floor Area (GFA) and Net (usable) Floor Area (NFA) as permitted on the local site by the codes and regulations, and in order to enable the developer and owner to get maximum returns from the high cost of land, the floors must have sufficient functional space. In the initial stages of the design, the designer ascertains the extent of GFA and NFA in the proposed concept design, and these figures are used as the bases for core configuration and structural system. By the final decision, the NFA is sealed with the exact core area and the vertical structural elements. Net-to-gross floor area of a typical floor slab is of crucial economic interest to the developer, since it designates the space efficiency of the floors, at the same time as the more efficient the typical floor slab is, the more usable area the developer gets and the more income is derived from the building.
According to Yeang (1995; 2000), floor slab efficiency of a typical high-rise office building should generally not be less than 75%, unless the site is too small or too irregular to permit a higher level of space efficiency. Floor slab designs using clever devices, such as scissor stairs, pressurized lift shafts, dispersal of toilets etc. can increase efficiency up to 80% – 85 % per typical floor. However, as Watts et al. (2007) state in their recent article, floor slab efficiency is adversely affected by the height of a high-rise office building, as the core and structural elements expand relatively to the overall floor slab to satisfy the requirements of vertical circulation as well as lateral-load resistance. Tall buildings with high slenderness ratio are inherently more expensive to build and suffer from adverse floor slab efficiency.
Although space efficiency is simply defined as the ratio of NFA to GFA, the matter is more complicated in terms of its effects. The floor slab shape also has a vital importance as well, since it influences the interior space planning, layout of office equipments, exterior building envelope, structural system and component sizes, utilizing from natural light and air, access to escape routes, etc. Generally the more simple and regular the floor slab shape is, the easier it is to respond to user requirements in terms of space planning and furnishing. Square, circular, hexagonal, octagonal and similar plan forms are more space efficient than the rectangular plans with high aspect ratios and irregular shapes. Buildings with symmetrical plan shapes are also less susceptible to wind and seismic loads.
The mean average value of space efficiency of the ten tallest buildings of the world is 68.5 %, whereas the mean average in Turkey is 69.5 %. Although there is a significant distinction between the number of floors and heights of the examples at abroad and in Turkey, it is observed from the analysis that the space efficiencies are very similar in terms of net-togross
floor areas.
As shown in Figure 1a and Figure 1b, square or similar plan geometries are the most preferred shapes in examples at abroad. Seven of the ten tallest buildings at abroad have plan geometries derived from square. Since this geometry offers the same stiffness in each direction against lateral loads, square or similar configurations are the most common in the
selected examples. Petronas Towers are deemed acceptable, since they have symmetrical and regular plan forms, enabling similar planning and structural efficiency in each direction. The Central Plaza, with its triangular plan form can be regarded as regular, since it enables equal leasing depth in each perimeter, however, it is not susceptible to lateral loads in each direction, and the only column in the usable area prevents the flexibility of space. Shun Hing Square with its hybrid plan shape is the only example of irregular configurations, thus disabling equal leasing depths in each perimeter of the tower; and the workplace is separated into four regions. The selected office buildings from Turkey have different characteristics of plan geometry when compared with the ten tallest office buildings of the world. Only one case, İşbank Tower has a plan shape derived from square, however, the core geometry do not match with the plan layout, thus disabling equal space efficiencies in each perimeter. Mertim and Süzer Plaza have rectangular plan forms with matching core geometries, and though they are not symmetrical in each direction, the plan configuration enables equal and efficient work spaces in each perimeter. Sabancı Towers, Metrocity 1, Beybi Giz Plaza and Garanti Bank Headquarters are the examples of hybrid and unsymmetrical plans, whereas the Tat Towers and Tekstilkent Plaza 1 and 2 are composed of hexagonal form and similar core
configuration.

Figure 1a.Geometry of typical floor plans of
ten tallest office buildings of the world.

There is a conspicuous intend that the contemporary office buildings must be designed with minimum or no interior columns to enable maximum flexibility, consequently a column-free floor slab from the exterior to the
core is the optimum solution for the office development. However, as shown in Figure 1a, the analyzed buildings at abroad, except for the Sears Tower and the Central Plaza, are column free in the leasing depth. Three of the sample buildings from Turkey, Tekstilkent Plazas, Beybi Giz Plaza and Garanti Bank Headquarters, have interior columns, as Sabancı Center 1 and 2, Süzer Plaza and Metrocity 1 have peripheral columns recessed
from the exterior wall. The least sufficient workplace can be observed in the typical floor plans of Garanti Bank Headquarters with multiple columns dispersed throughout the floor slab (Figure 1b). Although this building has a workplace organized into one space, the interior columns prevent the flexibility and efficiency of this usable space, presenting the disadvantage of a non-column-free floor slab as stated above.

Leasing Depth

Leasing depth or lease span is the distance of the usable area between the exterior wall and the fixed interior element, such as the core or the multi-tenant corridor. Although it depends on the functional requirements and is closely related with the structural frame and the material, there are considerable varieties in different markets. For example, in Germany maximum leasing depth is determined by building codes and cannot be more than 8.0 m, whereas in Japan it is typically 18.0 m (Kohn and Katz, 2002). In the United States, floor slab areas began to expand after the World

Figure 1b. Geometry of typical floor plans of
ten tallest office buildings in Turkey.

War II with the help of technological innovations, such as air-conditioning
and artificial lighting. Today there are high-rise office buildings with 17.0 m lease span in United States and Asia. Smaller core-to-exterior window dimensions allow the users to maintain a relationship with the outside, thus benefiting from the natural light. According to Ali and Armstrong (1995) the depth of lease span must be between 10.0 and 14.0 m for office functions, except where very large single tenant groups are to be accommodated. Maximum leasing depth
has remained relatively static over the last 30 years as it is recognized that the maximum income for office development is achieved when a high percentage of the workers are located within an 8.0 m zone of the perimeter wall. Corner offices and the articulation of the façade significantly improve the ability to provide more space efficiency and quality than spaces with greater leasing depth. As floors become deeper, the marketability of the space significantly decreases (Crone, 1990).

    Floor-to-floor / Floor-to-ceiling Height

The floor-to-floor height of an office building is typically the same for all occupied floors except for the lobby and floors for special functions. In high-rise office buildings, additional floor-to-floor height significantly entails greater cost on structural elements, cladding, mechanical risers, and vertical transportation. The floor-to-floor height of a building is a function of the required ceiling height, the depth of the raised floor (if used), the depth of the structural
floor system and material (which is dependent on the exterior-to-core distance), and the depth of the space required for mechanical distribution. Baum (1994), in his book “Quality and Property Performance”, defines quality in office buildings and suggests that the plan layout and the ceiling height are more significant than the following three determinants of building
quality: (i) Services and finishes; (ii) external appearance and (iii) durability
of materials.
Another research project by Ho (1999) reveals that functionality of the floor slab is the most important category indicated by all the respondents of the investigation, except for users, who emphasized services as the relative importance of functionality. Designers in the same investigation rated functionality as their most important determinant of quality, because they
usually start the design process by working around constraints such as plan shape, usable floor area, and floor-to-floor heights. Commercial functions require a variety of floor-to-ceiling heights ranging between 2.7 and 3.7 m (Ali and Armstrong, 1995), and the depth of the structural floor system varies depending on the floor loads, size of structural bay, and type of floor framing system. In the case of steel floor framing, an allowance for fire-proofing must be made. However, in steel systems, increasing the structural depth will result in decreased weights
of rolled sections. Trusses, which permit the passage of ducts, provide structural depth without increase in floor-to-floor height. According to the analyzed buildings of the world, the floor-to-floor heights change between 3.73 m and 4.20 m with an average of 3.98 m (Table 4).
The floor-to-ceiling heights have a range changing between 2.65 m and 2.8 m with an average of 2.7 m. Raised floor is provided in Taipei 101 Tower, Sears Tower, Petronas Tower 1 and 2, and Two International Finance Centre. The tallest office buildings in Turkey have floor-to-floor heights changing between 3.40 m and 4.8 m with an average of 3.6 m, which is under the average of the examples at abroad. The floor-to-ceiling heights also have a range between 2.60 m and 2.80 m, with an average of 2.7, thus being close to the average value of the ten tallest office buildings of the world.

   Core Integrity
 
The core of the building comprises all of the vertical circulation elements, such as elevators, fire-stairs, mechanical shafts, toilets, and elevator lobbies. In early office buildings, these elements tended to be dispersed on the floor rather than concentrated, while today’s contemporary buildings include all these elements in a specific zone, which is mainly the core. Many of the key structural elements, such as the shear walls that provide lateral stability,
are integrated into the core in order to simplify the architectural design.Layout of the core is critical to the development efficiency and operational effectiveness of a high-rise office building, while also playing a significant role in the way the structure copes with lateral loads (Watts et al, 2007). Building cores can be arranged in several ways. Central cores integrating
with the outer structure resist lateral loads more effectively and open up the perimeter for light and view, enabling efficient workplaces. Buildings with side cores have the advantage of homogeneous workplaces, which is usually organized into one space. This building type is very attractive to users without cellular offices and has until recently been the standard in Japan and Korea (Kohn and Katz, 2002). Multiple cores are common in lowrise buildings, which have very large or narrow floor slabs. The design of the core significantly affects the overall space efficiency of the buildings, vertical circulation, and distribution of mechanical and electrical shafts. The lifting strategy drives the core size and has a major impact in terms of design on all high-rise office buildings. One of the drivers is the acceptable period of time for users to get from ground floor to their destination. The ideal solution balances a number of factors such
as the number and the speed of lifts, group sizes, building zones and the core arrangement, considering the space usage as well as cost (Watts, et al, 2007). In order to achieve the maximum space efficiency of a high-rise office building, the core must be reduced to an acceptable ratio of the gross floor area, while coping with the fire regulations and achieving an effective vertical transportation with the elevators. In many high-rise office buildings structural elements within and around the core interact with the perimeter frame. These structural elements can be constructed with either steel or reinforced concrete, or both. In the
case of a reinforced concrete core, its structural weight can be very heavy, thus inducing an additional cost for the foundation. In United States, steel is commonly used as the structural material and lightweight fire-rated drywall is used to form the walls in order to reduce its thickness and save the foundation cost and construction time (Ho, 2007). However, in
Asian countries, the use of the structural steel with drywall forming is less common because their costs are higher than the conventional reinforced concrete construction. High-strength concrete is generally used to reduce the thickness of reinforced concrete core wall enabling more efficient spaces.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS

Table 4. Leasing depth, floor-to-floor and
floor-to-ceiling heights of sample buildings
from the world and Turkey (Sev, 2000).

 
As properly-planned high-rise office buildings are discussed, space efficiency, which is one of the efficiencies like structural, constructional, energy and operational, emerges as a major concern to be focused on.
However, when the aim is to increase the rental income, space efficiency
becomes significant in comparison with other efficiencies. In this context,
this research presents important parameters for the design of high-rise
office buildings and their relationship with space efficiency. Efforts have
been made to present visual analysis, which explains the significance of
space efficiency and the relationships of parameters that impact this issue.

  The following are the major conclusions of the research:

• Structural system and core configuration are the most important factors affecting the space efficiency of high-rise office buildings, as they are closely related with the shape of the floor slab, leasing depth, floor height and vertical transportation. Cores in high-rise office buildings are much more complex than in conventional buildings, and their design is fundamental to the development and the operational effectiveness of a tower. Key elements of the core are the structural elements and elevators while the lifting design is the major determinant of the core size and the space efficiency, and it determines the occupant travel and maximum waiting times. By the input of a specialist, dividing a building into a number of zones, each served by an appropriate sized group of lifts to decrease the core size, will increase the space efficiency. The use of sophisticated controls for elevators is also an effective way of minimizing
the number of elevators and waiting periods.As analyzed in the selected examples, space efficiency of the towers abroad are acceptable; however, most of the Turkish examples are less space efficient. The average space efficiency of two sample groups are similar,
even though the number of storeys and floor slabs of Turkish examples are almost the half the examples abroad, which originates from larger core areas and larger dimensions of vertical structural elements.
• Depending on requirements of the clients or the tenants, areas of the core elements can vary significantly, affecting the space efficiency. However, even though floor slab areas and heights of Turkish examples are almost half the examples abroad, the average ratio of core-to-gross floor area for Turkish examples is higher, thus decreasing the area of workplace and space efficiency. The vertical transportation elements, such as elevators and fire stairs require more analysis for more economic and efficient solutions of the floor plans in conjunction with the construction of high-rise office buildings in Turkey.
• Central core approach is commonly used in the world and in Turkey for high-rise office buildings. The cores are interconnected with the main structural frame, thus resisting a substantial amount of the lateral loads in all examples, without exception. This interconnection between the core and the structural frame is provided by the structural floor system and
steel outrigger trusses in sample buildings at abroad, whereas examples from Turkey do not utilize any steel outrigger trusses. Utilization of steel outrigger trusses must be supported by designers and contractors of highrise office developments to improve the efficiency of structural system, thus affecting the size of the structural members.
• The two common structural systems for the tallest office buildings of the world are composite mega-columns and central core with outriggers, and reinforced concrete tube-in-tube without outriggers system. Either steel or concrete structures are used; however, high-strength concrete is more common due to its lower cost, compared with steel. In Turkey, the most common structural system for the ten tallest office buildings is reinforced concrete perimeter frame with central core and tube-in-tube. High-strength concrete is not widely used in Turkey due to its higher cost and production conditions, consequently increasing the size of the vertical structural
members. Use of high-strength concrete for columns and shear walls must be supported by designers, practitioners, contractors and also must be subsidized by the government in Turkey.
• Space efficiency could be higher, if buildings in Turkey utilize state-ofthe- art structural systems and materials, as well as elements of the vertical transportation, to have smaller vertical structural elements and smaller core areas. High-rise office buildings pose different questions for those that design, build, own and operate them. For each of these stakeholders, there is an inherent motivation for profit, generally led by responsibility for shareholders.
Developing high-rise office buildings to obtain this profit demands acceptance of higher risks from the outset. To minimize these risks, increasing space efficiency is of vital importance. Space efficiency is only a number of resulting from an inter-related decision making
parameters during the early planning and development of the high-rise office buildings. Efficiency of net-to-gross floor area is the key to balance construction costs and total rental values. When material choice and issues of efficiency of structure and services are integrated to assess the various options, more space-efficient solutions can be reached.